What Is An Independent Risk Factor?

What are the 5 major food borne illnesses?

The top five germs that cause illnesses from food eaten in the United States are:Norovirus.Salmonella.Clostridium perfringens.Campylobacter.Staphylococcus aureus (Staph).

How can smoking cause a heart attack?

Coronary Heart Diseaseoccurs when arteries that carry blood to the heart muscle are narrowed by plaque or blocked by clots. Chemicals in cigarette smoke cause the blood to thicken and form clots inside veins and arteries. Blockage from a clot can lead to a heart attack and sudden death.

What are the five risk factors?

The top five risk factors that most often are responsible for foodborne illness outbreaks are:Improper hot/cold holding temperatures of potentially hazardous food.Improper cooking temperatures of food.Dirty and/or contaminated utensils and equipment.Poor employee health and hygiene.Food from unsafe sources.

What are the two types of risk factor?

If the risk factor, when it is manipulated, does not change the risk of the outcome, then this is called a variable marker. If the risk factor can be shown to be manipulable and when manipulated changes the probability of the outcome, then this is termed a causal risk factor.

What risk means?

(Entry 1 of 2) 1 : possibility of loss or injury : peril. 2 : someone or something that creates or suggests a hazard. 3a : the chance of loss or the perils to the subject matter of an insurance contract also : the degree of probability of such loss.

What are the 3 types of risk factors?

The three categories of risk factors are detailed here:Increasing Age. The majority of people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older. … Male gender. … Heredity (including race) … Tobacco smoke. … High blood cholesterol. … High blood pressure. … Physical inactivity. … Obesity and being overweight.More items…

What is another word for risk factor?

risk factor / synonymsfactors of risk. phr.danger. n.risk factors. phr.target factor. phr.risk. n.put you at risk. phr.key risk. phr.one risk. phr.More items…

What is the number 1 cause of foodborne illness?

Norovirus and Food. Norovirus is a leading cause of disease from contaminated foods in the United States. Foods that are most commonly involved in foodborne norovirus outbreaks include leafy greens (such as lettuce), fresh fruits, and shellfish (such as oysters).

What is the #1 cause of foodborne illness?

Campylobacter is a species of bacteria that is one of the most common causes of foodborne illness in the US.

What are 4 risk factors for heart disease?

Major Risk FactorsHigh Blood Pressure (Hypertension). High blood pressure increases your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. … High Blood Cholesterol. One of the major risk factors for heart disease is high blood cholesterol. … Diabetes. … Obesity and Overweight. … Smoking. … Physical Inactivity. … Gender. … Heredity.More items…

What is a risk factor of type 2 diabetes?

The less active you are, the greater your risk of type 2 diabetes. Physical activity helps you control your weight, uses up glucose as energy and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin. Family history. The risk of type 2 diabetes increases if your parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes.

What are the six health risk behaviors?

23 These six prior- ity health-risk behaviors are: alcohol and other drug use, behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence (including suicide), tobacco use, unhealthy dietary behaviors, physical inactivity and sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted …

What are individual risk factors?

Individual-level risk factors may include a person’s genetic predisposition to addiction or exposure to alcohol prenatally. Individual-level protective factors might include positive self-image, self-control, or social competence.

What is the meaning of risk factor?

Something that increases the chance of developing a disease. Some examples of risk factors for cancer are age, a family history of certain cancers, use of tobacco products, being exposed to radiation or certain chemicals, infection with certain viruses or bacteria, and certain genetic changes.

What is a Nonmodifiable risk factor?

Page 2. non-modifiable risk factors are: age ethnic background family history of heart disease. Age. The older you are, the more likely you are to develop coronary heart disease or to have a cardiac event (angina, heart attack or stroke).

What are the 6 risk factors for violence?

Individual Risk FactorsHistory of violent victimization.Attention deficits, hyperactivity, or learning disorders.History of early aggressive behavior.Involvement with drugs, alcohol, or tobacco.Low IQ.Poor behavioral control.Deficits in social cognitive or information-processing abilities.High emotional distress.More items…

What are psychosocial risk factors?

Psychosocial risk factors are things that may affect workers’ psychological response to their work and workplace conditions (including working relationships with supervisors and colleagues). Examples are: high workloads, tight deadlines, lack of control of the work and working methods.

What factors increased the risk of injury?

Factors that increase the risk of injury include the load being too heavy, large, difficult to grasp or unstable, the task being too strenuous or involving awkward postures or movements, and the working environment lacking sufficient space, having slippery, uneven or unstable floors, having extreme temperatures or poor …

Who are at risk of diabetes?

Age. Women older than age 25 are at increased risk. Family or personal history. Your risk increases if you have prediabetes — a precursor to type 2 diabetes — or if a close family member, such as a parent or sibling, has type 2 diabetes.

Is obesity a modifiable risk factor?

This narrative review identified modifiable risk factors associated with severe obesity in children ages 5 and younger: nutrition (consuming sugar sweetened beverages and fast food), activity (low frequency of outdoor play and excessive screen time), behaviors (lower satiety responsiveness, sleeping with a bottle, lack …

What are the 5 main risk types that face businesses?

Here are seven types of business risk you may want to address in your company.Economic Risk. The economy is constantly changing as the markets fluctuate. … Compliance Risk. … Security and Fraud Risk. … Financial Risk. … Reputation Risk. … Operational Risk. … Competition (or Comfort) Risk.