- What are the five signs of infection?
- What are the 4 factors that make a person more susceptible to infection?
- What are the consequences of poor infection control?
- How do we control infection?
- How do hospitals manage an outbreak of infection?
- What are the five basic principles for infection control?
- Who is responsible for infection prevention and control in health care setting?
- Who is prone to infections?
- What are the 4 main universal precautions?
- What factors increase the risk of infection?
- How do you confirm an outbreak?
- What are the 5 standard precautions for infection control?
- What are two common sources of infection?
- What is the most important risk factor for developing surgical site infections?
- What are infection control risks?
- What are the risks associated with you working if you have an infectious disease?
- When should an outbreak of infection be declared?
- What are the four main routes for infection to enter the body?
What are the five signs of infection?
Know the Signs and Symptoms of InfectionFever (this is sometimes the only sign of an infection).Chills and sweats.Change in cough or a new cough.Sore throat or new mouth sore.Shortness of breath.Nasal congestion.Stiff neck.Burning or pain with urination.More items….
What are the 4 factors that make a person more susceptible to infection?
Life style risk factors such as aging, poor nutrition, infection and exposure to toxicants can also increase susceptibility to illnesses. These life style factors can therefore be considered to cause acquired susceptibility for increased risk for environmental disease.
What are the consequences of poor infection control?
Be it a loss of business, a governmental fine, or a consequence from another source, if you are sloppy with infection control, you may end up paying in one way or another. For example, Eklund notes that equipment can be damaged if manufacturer’s instructions are not followed.
How do we control infection?
Good hygiene: the primary way to prevent infectionsWash your hands well. … Cover a cough. … Wash and bandage all cuts. … Do not pick at healing wounds or blemishes, or squeeze pimples.Don’t share dishes, glasses, or eating utensils.Avoid direct contact with napkins, tissues, handkerchiefs, or similar items used by others.
How do hospitals manage an outbreak of infection?
The key actions in the management of an outbreak are:Initial investigation and risk assessment. … Declaration of outbreak. … The OCT convene. … Implementation of immediate control measures. … Treatment. … Ongoing monitoring and management. … Declaration that the outbreak is over. … Final report.
What are the five basic principles for infection control?
These include standard precautions (hand hygiene, PPE, injection safety, environmental cleaning, and respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette) and transmission-based precautions (contact, droplet, and airborne).
Who is responsible for infection prevention and control in health care setting?
4.12. 1 Divisional Directors, Divisional Directors of Operations, Associate Directors of Nursing, Clinical Service Leads, General Managers and Matrons are accountable for implementing and monitoring any identified Infection Prevention and Control measures within their designated areas and scope of responsibility.
Who is prone to infections?
pregnant women; infants, and young children particularly under age 2; people of any age with certain chronic health conditions (including asthma or lung disease, heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease or some neurological conditions); people with severely compromised immune systems.
What are the 4 main universal precautions?
Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.
What factors increase the risk of infection?
Having other medical conditions such as diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), autoimmune disease, among others. If you have other medical conditions, ask your doctor if they put you at increased risk for infection. Other factors, such as poor nutrition, stress, or lack of sleep.
How do you confirm an outbreak?
Confirmation of Outbreak. Is there an increase in the number of cases expected in the population/time/place? … Verify Diagnosis. Obtain medical records and laboratory reports. … Case Definition. … Case Finding. … Descriptive Epidemiology. … Generate Hypothesis. … Analytical Epidemiology. … Evaluate Control Measures.More items…
What are the 5 standard precautions for infection control?
Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…
What are two common sources of infection?
Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.
What is the most important risk factor for developing surgical site infections?
A number of risk factors are known to increase the risk for SSIs, including obesity, advanced age, diabetes mellitus, malnutrition, prolonged preoperative stay, infection at a remote site, duration of surgery, surgery technique, presence of drains, inappropriate use of antimicrobial prophylaxis, perioperative …
What are infection control risks?
Infection control risks can stem from a variety of areas in a healthcare organization, and most can lead to significant patient (or staff) harm. Some common examples include: • Lack of hand hygiene. • Unsafe injection practices. • Poor cleaning, disinfection, sterilization of instruments and scopes.
What are the risks associated with you working if you have an infectious disease?
Many workers are at risk of contracting an infectious disease through their work. The consequences can be very serious….Risk Controlproper use and disposal of needles, syringes and sharps.handling of specimens and samples.cleaning up and disposal of infectious waste.cleaning of other contaminated materials.
When should an outbreak of infection be declared?
Classification of an outbreak. An outbreak or incident may be defined as: an incident in which 2 or more people experiencing a similar illness are linked in time or place. a greater than expected rate of infection compared with the usual background rate for the place and time where the outbreak has occurred.
What are the four main routes for infection to enter the body?
The transmission of microorganisms can be divided into the following five main routes: direct contact, fomites, aerosol (airborne), oral (ingestion), and vectorborne. Some microorganisms can be transmitted by more than one route.