Quick Answer: Why Are Babies Born With A Hole In Their Heart?

What causes a baby to be born with a hole in the heart?

What Causes a Ventricular Septal Defect.

Ventricular septal defects happen during fetal heart development and are present at birth.

The heart develops from a large tube, dividing into sections that will eventually become the walls and chambers..

Can a baby survive with a hole in its heart?

This defect can be fatal in the early weeks of life if it is not treated. Some babies survive longer if there is a hole in the partition between the upper or lower chambers of the heart, allowing the blood to mix.

How common are heart defects in fetuses?

Nearly 1 in 100 babies (about 1 percent or 40,000 babies) is born with a heart defect in the United States each year. About 1 in 4 babies born with a heart defect (about 25 percent) has a critical CHD. Some heart defects don’t need treatment or can be treated easily.

What happens if someone has a hole in their heart?

Blood may flow from the left ventricle and mix with blood in the right ventricle, instead of going to the rest of the body. If the hole is large, this may make the heart and lungs work harder and may cause fluid to build up in the lungs. Cross-section of a normal heart and a heart with a ventricular septal defect.

How can I prevent my baby from having a heart defect?

PreventionGet a rubella (German measles) vaccine. A rubella infection during pregnancy may affect your baby’s heart development. … Control chronic medical conditions. … Avoid harmful substances. … Take a multivitamin with folic acid.

Can a hole in the heart get bigger?

Treatment for a VSD will depend on a patient’s age, and the size of the hole and its location. There’s no concern that a VSD will get any bigger, though: VSDs may get smaller or close completely without treatment, but they won’t get any bigger.

How long does it take to repair a hole in the heart?

This is done during a heart procedure called a cardiac catheterization using a “patch” or special septal repair device that is placed permanently in the heart to cover the hole. The procedure takes about three hours to complete.

Are all babies born with a hole in their heart?

Before birth, all babies have a natural hole between the upper chambers of the heart. This hole is called fossa ovalis. In most babies, the hole closes before birth as a natural flap seals shut. In some cases, this sealing will not occur until a week, or even several months, after a baby is born.

Can a hole in the heart be cured?

Many holes in the heart don’t need treatment, but some do. Most holes in the heart that need treatment are repaired in infancy or early childhood. Sometimes, adults are treated for holes in the heart if problems develop. The treatment your child receives depends on the type, location, and size of the hole.

Is a hole in the heart Genetic?

Risk factors It’s not known why atrial septal defects occur, but some congenital heart defects appear to run in families and sometimes occur with other genetic problems, such as Down syndrome.

Is a hole in a baby’s heart Serious?

These usually close during pregnancy or shortly after birth. If one of these openings does not close, a hole is left, and it is called an atrial septal defect. The hole increases the amount of blood that flows through the lungs and over time, it may cause damage to the blood vessels in the lungs.

How common is a hole in the heart?

How common are VSDs? VSD is the most common heart birth defect. It can occur alone or with other congenital heart defects (CHDs). About 1 in 500 babies is born with a VSD.