Question: What Are The Main Routes That Infection Can Enter The Body?

What disease can be transmitted through saliva?

Viruses responsible for diseases such as hepatitis viruses, herpesvirus infections (e.g., with Herpes simplex types 1 and 2, Epstein-Barr virus, Cytomegalovirus, and Kaposi syndrome herpesvirus), and papillomaviruses can be conveyed by kissing—as can potentially other viruses present in saliva such as Ebola and Zika ….

What diseases can be spread by saliva?

Does Saliva Have Health Risks? 3 Ways Germs Can SpreadRhinovirus (colds)Flu virus.Epstein-Barr virus (mononucleosis, or mono)Type 1 herpes (cold sores)Strep bacteria.Hepatitis B and hepatitis C.Cytomegalovirus (a risk for babies in the womb)

How does droplet infection enter the body?

Droplets spread by sneezes, coughs, or simply talking can transmit infection if one person comes in contact with the mucous membranes of the eye(s), mouth, or nose of another person. Influenza is spread by airborne droplet transmission but more commonly by indirect contact on surfaces.

What are the four main routes for infection to enter the body?

The transmission of microorganisms can be divided into the following five main routes: direct contact, fomites, aerosol (airborne), oral (ingestion), and vectorborne. Some microorganisms can be transmitted by more than one route.

How do virus enter the body?

How do they enter the body? Usually these microorganisms enter the body through the mouth, eyes, nose, genitals or through wounds, bites or any open wounds. Moreover, they are transmitted through different routes. Some diseases are spread by direct contact with infected skin, mucous membranes or body fluids.

What are the 4 types of infections?

Types of infectionsViral infections. Viruses are very tiny infectious organisms. … Bacterial infections. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms. … Fungal infections. Fungi are another diverse group of organisms that can include things like yeasts and molds. … Parasitic infections. … Prions.

What is the most effective way to prevent infection?

Hand washing is the single most effective way to prevent the spread of infections. You can spread certain “germs” (a general term for microbes like viruses and bacteria) casually by touching another person.

What is the most common method of infection transmission?

Contact transmission is the most common form of transmitting diseases and virus. There are two types of contact transmission: direct and indirect. Direct contact transmission occurs when there is physical contact between an infected person and a susceptible person.

Why do bacteria make us feel ill?

But infectious bacteria can make you ill. They reproduce quickly in your body. Many give off chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E.

What are the 3 main ways infection can get into the body?

Germs can spread from person to person through:the air as droplets or aerosol particles.faecal-oral spread.blood or other body fluids.skin or mucous membrane contact.sexual contact.

What are the five key ways in which infection can spread?

Infections can be spread through these 5 different ways:Physical contact. Infections, especially skin contagions, are spread by direct physical contact. … Droplet spreading. Colds, strep throat etc. … Contaminated items. … Bowel movements. … Exposure to blood.

What are the 4 ways infections can be transmitted?

Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.