Question: What Are Non Infectious Diseases Class 9?

What are infectious agents class 9?

Viruses,bacteria,fungi,protozoa,different kind of worms etc.

Viruses-common cold,influenza,dengue,fever,AIDS(They live inside host cell,multiply very quickly) Bacteria-Typhoid,cholera,tuberculosis,anthrax(They also multiply very quickly) Fungi-Skin infection..

What are non infectious diseases and give four examples?

A disease that is not contagious is called a noninfectious disease. These diseases are not caused by pathogens. Instead, they are likely to have causes such as lifestyle factors, environmental toxins, or gene mutations. Common types of noninfectious diseases include cancer, diabetes, and immune system diseases.

Is asthma a non infectious disease?

Asthma is one of the major noncommunicable diseases. It is a chronic disease of the air passages of the lungs which inflames and narrows them.

What are the six killer diseases?

These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.

What is difference between infectious and non infectious disease?

Students should recognize that infectious diseases are caused by pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, and parasites and can be spread by direct contact or through vectors. Noninfectious diseases cannot be “caught” from other humans or animals.

What are infectious and non infectious diseases give three examples in each case?

Difference between infectious and non-infectious diseasesInfectious diseasesNon-infectious diseasesExamples: Cholera, chickenpox, malariaExamples: Diabetes, cancer, asthma, etc.2 more rows

What is non infectious disease?

Noninfectious diseases include all diseases that are not caused by pathogens. Instead, noninfectious diseases are generally caused by genetic or environmental factors other than pathogens, such as toxic environmental exposures or unhealthy lifestyle choices.

What is control of non communicable disease?

Raise priority accorded to NCDs through international cooperation and advocacy. Strengthen national capacity, governance, multisectoral action, and partnerships. Reduce the major modifiable risk factors, such as tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diets, and physical inactivity.

What causes non communicable diseases?

Common, modifiable risk factors underlie the major NCDs. They include tobacco, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, insufficient physical activity, overweight/obesity, raised blood pressure, raised blood sugar and raised cholesterol. The NCD threat can be overcome using existing knowledge.

What are the 4 main types of NCDs?

Noncommunicable – or chronic – diseases are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.

How can non infectious diseases be prevented?

Reducing the major risk factors for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) – tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and the harmful use of alcohol – is the focus of WHO’s work to prevent deaths from NCDs.

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…

What are infectious and noninfectious diseases Class 9?

Non-infectious causes: The disease which does not spread by contact between infected and healthy person through air and water, is called non-infectious disease. Infectious and Non-infectious Diseases. Infectious Diseases: The diseases which spread due to infection by micro-organisms are called infectious diseases.

What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?

Four main NCDs and their common risk factors. The four leading NCDs (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases, and diabetes) share four risk factors: tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity.

What are some examples of non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease, are collectively responsible for almost 70% of all deaths worldwide.

What are 5 infectious diseases?

Protect yourself and your family from preventable infectious diseasesCoronaviruses. … Diphtheria. … Ebola. … Flu (Influenza) … Hepatitis. … Hib Disease. … HIV/AIDS. … HPV (Human Papillomavirus)More items…

What causes non infectious inflammation?

Noninfectious Inflammatory Causes of FUO (Connective Tissue Diseases, Vasculitides, and Granulomatous Disorders) The most common noninfectious inflammatory causes of FUO include the following: Giant cell (temporal) arteritis. Adult Still disease (juvenile rheumatoid arthritis)

What are 5 non infectious diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes….Chronic respiratory diseasechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)asthma.occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.pulmonary hypertension.cystic fibrosis.