How Do You Fix Congenital Heart Disease?

How can I prevent my baby from having a heart defect?

Avoid drinking alcohol or taking medication.

Take 400 micrograms of folic acid supplement a day during the first trimester (first 12 weeks) of your pregnancy – this lowers your risk of giving birth to a child with congenital heart disease, as well as several other types of birth defect..

Who is at risk for congenital heart defects?

Risk factorsRubella (German measles). Having rubella during pregnancy can cause problems in your baby’s heart development. … Diabetes. … Medications. … Drinking alcohol during pregnancy. … Smoking. … Heredity.

What is a heart cough?

While most people associate coughing as a common symptom that accompanies lung or respiratory issues, its connection to heart failure often goes unnoticed. This is called a cardiac cough, and it often happens to those with congestive heart failure (CHF).

Is congenital heart disease a disability?

Filing for Social Security Disability with a Symptomatic Congenital Heart Disease Diagnosis. Under guidelines set forth by the Social Security Administration (SSA), Symptomatic Congenital Heart Disease may qualify a person to receive Social Security Disability benefits.

What age does heart failure occur?

Heart failure is more common in: People who are age 65 or older. Aging can weaken the heart muscle. Older people also may have had diseases for many years that led to heart failure.

Is congenital heart disease a terminal illness?

“Congenital heart defect” is another term for congenital heart disease. It means the heart developed with some kind of flaw or weakness. The condition can be fatal. Congenital heart problems are the most common kind of birth defect.

How are congenital heart defects detected?

Echocardiogram. Your child’s doctor may use a regular echocardiogram to diagnose a congenital heart defect after your child has been born. In this noninvasive test, your child’s doctor performs an ultrasound to produce images of the heart.

What are the 4 stages of congestive heart failure?

There are four stages of heart failure (Stage A, B, C and D). The stages range from “high risk of developing heart failure” to “advanced heart failure,” and provide treatment plans.

What heart problems are hereditary?

Many cardiac disorders can be inherited, including arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, and high blood cholesterol. Coronary artery disease leading to heart attack, stroke, and heart failure can run in families, indicating inherited genetic risk factors.

Can congenital heart disease be detected before birth?

Many heart defects can be detected before birth through the use of a special type of sonography called fetal echocardiography. Sound waves are used to create a picture of the baby’s heart. Health care providers can use the information from this ultrasound to diagnose the condition and develop a treatment plan.

What are the 4 signs your heart is quietly failing?

Heart failure signs and symptoms may include:Shortness of breath (dyspnea) when you exert yourself or when you lie down.Fatigue and weakness.Swelling (edema) in your legs, ankles and feet.Rapid or irregular heartbeat.Reduced ability to exercise.Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm.More items…•

Can congenital heart disease be cured?

There is no cure for CHD. Many people have surgeries to repair their heart, however, they are not cured. There may be long-term effects of heart surgery, such as abnormal heartbeats. A cardiologist can often detect problems with your heart before you notice any symptoms.

What is the most common cause of congenital heart disease?

Genetic conditions Down’s syndrome is the most widely-known genetic condition that can cause congenital heart disease. Children with Down’s syndrome are born with a range of disabilities as the result of a genetic abnormality.

How long can you live with congenital heart disease?

Survival. About 97% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to one year of age. About 95% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to 18 years of age.

What foods should be avoided with congestive heart failure?

Avoid fatty cuts of meat, such as high-fat hamburger and prime cuts of meats. Trim the visible fat off meat and remove the skin from poultry before cooking. Eat more fish than red meat. Bake, broil, grill, boil, or steam foods instead of frying.

How do you know if congestive heart failure is getting worse?

Warning signs of worsening heart failureSudden weight gain (2–3 pounds in one day or 5 or more pounds in one week)Extra swelling in the feet or ankles.Swelling or pain in the abdomen.Shortness of breath not related to exercise.Discomfort or trouble breathing when lying flat.Waking up short of breath.More items…

How do congestive heart failure patients die?

Approximately 90% of heart failure patients die from cardiovascular causes. Fifty per cent die from progressive heart failure, and the remainder die suddenly from arrhythmias and ischaemic events.

Is congenital heart disease serious?

Congenital means that you’re born with the defect. Congenital heart disease, also called congenital heart defect, can change the way blood flows through your heart. Some congenital heart defects might not cause any problems. Complex defects, however, can cause life-threatening complications.

How common is congenital heart disease?

Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defect in the United States, affecting nearly 1% (about 40,000) of births per year. CHDs are present at birth and they affect the structure of a baby’s heart and the way it works. About 1 in 4 babies born with a heart defect has a critical CHD.

Why do heart patients drink less water?

Heart failure is a condition in which the heart is no longer able to pump oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body efficiently. This causes fluid to build up in your body. Limiting how much you drink and how much salt (sodium) you take in can help prevent these symptoms.