Can You Live With A VSD?

Is a VSD life threatening?

Ventricular septal defects (VSD) are usually considered non-life-threatening, usually closing spontaneously or causing symptoms of congestive heart failure, which can be surgically treated in time to save the patient’s life..

What is the normal size of VSD?

The VSDs were classified as: small (diameter less than or equal to 3 mm), medium (3 to 6 mm) and large (greater than 6 mm). Twelve children were lost to follow-up; the remainder were followed up for an average of 35 months.

How common are heart defects in babies?

Nearly 1 in 100 babies (about 1 percent or 40,000 babies) is born with a heart defect in the United States each year. About 1 in 4 babies born with a heart defect (about 25 percent) has a critical CHD. Some heart defects don’t need treatment or can be treated easily.

Can VSD cause stroke?

Over time, if not repaired, this defect can increase the risk for other complications, including heart failure, high blood pressure in the lungs (called pulmonary hypertension), irregular heart rhythms (called arrhythmia), or stroke.

How common is VSD in babies?

Ventricular septal defects are among the most common congenital heart defects, occurring in 0.1 to 0.4 percent of all live births and making up about 20 to 30 percent of congenital heart lesions. Ventricular septal defects are probably one of the most common reasons for infants to see a cardiologist.

Is a 4mm VSD large?

– Small (restrictive) VSD is < 4 mm ( or less than the 33% of cross-sectional diameter of the aortic root in catheterization), the pulmonary to systemic blood flow ratio (Qp:Qs) < 1.5. – Moderate VSD is 4-6 mm (or between the 33-75% of cross-sectional diameter of the aortic root in catheterization), Qp:Qs = 1.5 – 2.3.

Is a hole in the heart serious?

The hole increases the amount of blood that flows through the lungs. A large, long-standing atrial septal defect can damage your heart and lungs. Surgery or device closure might be necessary to repair atrial septal defects to prevent complications.

How do they fix a hole in your heart?

Cardiac catheterization. Doctors insert a thin, flexible tube (catheter) into a blood vessel in the groin and guide it to the heart using imaging techniques. Through the catheter, doctors place a mesh patch or plug to close the hole. The heart tissue grows around the mesh, permanently sealing the hole.

How long can you live with a VSD?

Available data indicate that adults with closed VSDs and without other heart or lung complications can expect to live a normal lifespan. In the 40 years that the operation has been widely used, about 6 percent of patients have required a re-operation to close small leaks that developed around the patch.

Can a small VSD get bigger?

There’s no concern that a VSD will get any bigger, though: VSDs may get smaller or close completely without treatment, but they won’t get any bigger. A kid or teen with a small defect that causes no symptoms might simply need to visit a pediatric cardiologist regularly to make sure there are no problems.

Does VSD require surgery?

Many babies born with a small ventricular septal defect (VSD) won’t need surgery to close the hole. After birth, your doctor may want to observe your baby and treat symptoms while waiting to see if the defect closes on its own. Babies who need surgical repair often have the procedure in their first year.

Can a baby survive with a hole in its heart?

This defect can be fatal in the early weeks of life if it is not treated. Some babies survive longer if there is a hole in the partition between the upper or lower chambers of the heart, allowing the blood to mix.

Is VSD considered heart disease?

A VSD, therefore, is a type of congenital heart disease (CHD). The heart with a VSD has a hole in the wall (the septum) between its two lower chambers (the ventricles).

Why does ventricular septal defect cause rapid breathing?

In most cases the hole is in the membranous part of the septum; more serious VSDs are located in the muscular part of the septum. Babies with large VSDs will have excess fluid in their lungs, causing rapid and labored breathing and a fast heartbeat.

How long does a VSD repair take?

The surgery lasted more than two hours.

Is VSD a sign of Down syndrome?

Since none had trisomy 21, this does not affect our overall conclusion that a prenatally visualized VSD is not associated with a significant risk for Down syndrome.

Is VSD genetic?

Ventricular septal defects may run in families and sometimes may occur with other genetic problems, such as Down syndrome. If you already have a child with a heart defect, a genetic counselor can discuss the risk of your next child having one.

How often do VSD close?

The size of the defect has also been suggested to affect the incidence of spontaneous VSD closure, particularly in muscular VSD (2, 3, 13). The incidence of closure varies with the site of the defect, with a closure rate of 83% in the anterior, 84% in the apical, and 89% in the mid-ventricular septum (13).

Can a VSD close on its own?

A large VSD is less likely to close completely on its own, but it may get smaller over time. Large VSDs often cause symptoms in infants and children, and surgery usually is needed to close them. VSDs are found in different parts of the septum. Membranous VSDs are located near the heart valves.

Can a person live with a hole in his heart?

Living With Holes in the Heart. The outlook for children who have atrial septal defects (ASDs) or ventricular septal defects (VSDs) is excellent. Advances in treatment allow most children who have these heart defects to live normal, active, and productive lives with no decrease in lifespan.

How long does it take for a small VSD to close?

Small VSDs If a defect is going to close, it usually happens by age 2 . But some defects don’t close until age 4 . These children usually grow and develop normally. They also have no activity restrictions, and live normal, healthy lives.